Eazy Gardening

Angel Wings: The Stunning and Toxic Caladium ‘Candidum’ Houseplant

Caladium ‘Candidum’ (Angel Wings): A Stunningly Beautiful Houseplant

If you’re a fan of houseplants, then you’ll love the Caladium ‘Candidum,’ commonly known as Angel Wings. This showy plant produces striking leaves that are sure to impress anyone who sees them.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at this plant, including its appearance, cultivation, and care.

Overview of the Plant

Common Names, Vernacular Names

The Angel Wings plant is also known by other common names such as Heart of Jesus and Elephant Ears. Its scientific name, Caladium ‘Candidum,’ comes from the Greek word “kalos,” meaning “beautiful,” and “chadium,” meaning “heart” – a fitting name considering its stunning heart-shaped leaves.

Description of the Plant

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ is a tropical plant that can grow to be about two feet tall. Its most striking feature is its large and striking leaves, which can be up to 18 inches long and 9 inches wide.

These leaves feature a mix of green and white colors, with some variegated patterns. The plant produces spadix flowers in the summer, but its main attraction is its foliage.

Characteristics, including Appearance, Blooming Habits, and Benefits to Wildlife

The Angel Wings plant produces massive leaves that range from solid white to solid green with vivid veining variations of pink, red, or green. Because of its unique leaf shape, adding a Caladium ‘Candidum’ to any room is an excellent way to introduce an unexpected twist to your decor plan.

If you’re looking to add a tropical flair to your home, then the Angel Wings is perfect! Unfortunately, it has poor bronzing and dead leaf that require immediate removal. While the Angel Wings’ flowers are small and insignificant, they do produce fruit.

The berries that the plant produces can be toxic to both humans and animals, so it’s best to keep them out of reach.

Plant Cultivation and Care

Preferred Growing Conditions

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ is incredibly versatile when it comes to the conditions that it can thrive in. It’s hardy in USDA zones 9-11, making it perfect for most locations, and it appreciates a bit of shade.

It’s best to keep the plant away from direct sunlight because that can cause the leaves to burn. The plant flourishes in well-drained soil that’s kept moist but not overly wet.

Also, it’s important to know that the Angel Wings plant is profoundly sensitive to cold temperatures, making it a must to keep it indoors.

Potential Pest and Disease Issues

The Angel Wings plant can be prone to pests and diseases like spider mites and fungal infections. To keep your plant healthy, it’s essential to keep it clean and well-maintained.

You should also monitor it regularly for any signs of pests or diseases and deal with them promptly if detected.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

When planting Caladium ‘Candidum,’ it’s essential to choose a container with good drainage so the plant won’t become waterlogged. It’s also a good idea to add some slow-release fertilizer to the soil to give the plant the nutrients it needs to thrive.

Additionally, the Angel Wings plant prefers a bit of humidity, so a humidifier on low around the area can help.

When it comes to maintenance, it’s vital to keep the plant’s soil consistently moist without overwatering.

Regularly check the plant thoroughly, making sure to remove any dead leaves that can lead to mildew or cause an infestation.

Final Thoughts

The Caladium ‘Candidum,’ also known as the Angel Wings, is a stunning plant that’s easy to care for and maintain. Its large, bright, and colorful leaves are a showstopper in any room, making it the perfect addition to any plant lover’s collection.

If you’re looking for an attractive indoor plant that’s both impressive and easy to keep alive, then the Angel Wings plant is a great choice. Plant Propagation Methods: Sexual and

Asexual Reproduction

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ is incredibly popular with its large and beautiful leaves.

Propagating this plant is a common practice for gardeners and plant enthusiasts. There are two methods of propagating plants – sexual and asexual.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at how the Caladium ‘Candidum’ can reproduce through these methods.

Sexual Reproduction

Sexual reproduction for Caladium ‘Candidum’ occurs when two parent plants create a genetically unique offspring through the fusion of their reproductive cells. This process’s hybridization typically involves crossing different varieties of plants to create an offspring with desirable characteristics.

The sexual reproduction process for the Angel Wings plant can seem daunting, since Caladium ‘Candidum’ plants that undergo this method of reproduction are susceptible to a wide range of factors. Successful seedlings need healthy parent plants from which to harvest the seeds.

For example, it is crucial to keep both the female and male parent plants healthy by providing them with adequate nutrients consistently. Once the seedlings have germinated, it will be essential to care for them in strict, nutrient-rich ambient conditions under artificial lights.

When seeds germinate, new plants exhibit genetic diversity as compared to the parent plant. It’s important to note that hybridization of Caladium ‘Candidum’ is not easily achieved compared to other plants due to the vulnerability of pollen to high-temperature and moisture changes.

Therefore, horticulturists suggest using asexual methods instead of sexual reproduction to propagate the plant.

Asexual Reproduction

The most common and efficient method of propagating the Caladium ‘Candidum’ plant is through asexual reproduction. In asexual reproduction, a genetically identical offspring is produced through the cloning of the parent plant, allowing for the perpetuation of the unique traits that make it special.

The most common method for propagating this plant asexually is through using plantlet cuttings. Plantlet cuttings are small shoots that grow from the base of the parent plant.

These are an excellent option because they are easy to grow, fast, and purvey the unique traits of the parent plant. Here’s how you can do it:


Gently separate the plantlet cutting from the parent plant with a sharp knife. 2.

The plantlet cutting should have several leaves and roots. 3.

Fill a pot with well-draining soil mix before transplanting the cutting to that pot. 4.

Place the pot in an area with indirect sunlight for about two to four weeks. 5.

Watch for signs of new growth on the cutting to monitor its development. With a little bit of patience and care, your plantlet cutting will grow into a full-sized Caladium ‘Candidum’ plant, matching your original.

Plant Adaptations to Different Environments

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ is native to South and Central America’s tropical rainforests, where the general climate is warm, humid, and rainy. The plant has adapted to its environment to cope with such conditions.

However, when it comes to growing the plant away from its natural habitat, cultivating it can prove to be challenging and requires additional considerations. Highlighted below are some of the plant’s adaptations to different environments:

Temperature Adaptations

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ cannot tolerate cold environments, and it thrives in temperateness, making indoor environments an ideal location for the plant’s cultivation. Indoor temperatures should range from 65-70F during the daytime and 60-65F at night for the plant to grow healthily.

Light Adaptations

The Angel Wings plant prefers moderately bright, indirect light. It will do best in an environment that receives filtered sunlight or partial shade.

Direct sunlight will burn the plant’s leaves, which will create unsightly leaf damage. When growing the plant, maintain a light source that is filtered shade rather than direct sunlight.

Humidity Adaptations

The Caladium ‘Candidum’ naturally prefers a high humidity environment. For most people, the humidity in their homes ranges from 30-50%, which is not suitable for the plant.

Therefore, adding a humidifier near the plant to increase the humidity in the environment for the plant is ideal experimentation.

Soil Adaptations

The Angel Wings plant prefers well-draining soil that is consistently moist. The plant roots require a soil mix that easily drains off excess water.

A container with a well-draining soil mix works well to maintain the plant’s soil conditions, reducing the risk of root rot and other soil-borne diseases.

Final Thoughts

Propagating the Caladium ‘Candidum’ requires careful consideration and patience to get desirable results. In general, a good plant propagation process can create plants with the best traits of the parent plant.

Additionally, cultivating the Angel Wings plant requires a keen understanding of how it has adapted to different environments. With these adaptations in mind, it’s easier to care and maintain the plant and produce a lovely addition to your plant collection.

Usage of the Caladium ‘Candidum’ in Indoor and Outdoor Settings

The Caladium ‘Candidum,’ commonly known as Angel Wings, is a versatile plant that works well in both indoor and outdoor settings. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the uses of the plant in both these settings.

Usage in Indoor Settings

The Angel Wings plant is a popular choice for indoor cultivation due to its attractive foliage and easy maintenance. However, there are a few considerations to keep in mind when planning to grow the plant indoors.

First, it’s essential to provide the plant with adequate light. While the plant prefers bright, indirect sunlight, it will survive in lower light conditions as well.

It would be best to avoid placing it in direct sunlight since this can damage the leaves or burn them with excessive heat. Secondly, the Angel Wings plant thrives in warm temperatures ranging from 68F – 85F.

In a cooler environment, the plant can suffer from stunted growth and illness. To maintain an ideal temperature, ensure that the plant is placed away from cold drafts, open windows or doors.

Finally, the plant requires consistent moisture levels. Therefore, it’s essential to water the plant thoroughly and avoid overwatering or underwatering it since both can kill the plant.

Keep the soil moderately moist, allowing the plant to dry slightly between waterings. Mist your plant with a light mist daily if you want to increase the humidity in the area around it.

In summary, the Caladium ‘Candidum’ helps to purify the atmosphere when grown indoors adds beauty to your space.

Usage in Outdoor Settings

When growing the Angel Wings plant in outdoor settings, it’s important to note that it needs specific environmental conditions to thrive. Firstly, the plant prefers partial shade and cannot tolerate direct sunlight in hot climates.

When planting it in an outdoor area, choose a location that also receives filtered or partial shade. Additionally, avoid placing it in an area directly exposed to strong winds that may damage its foliage.

Secondly, the Caladium ‘Candidum’ requires porous soil, so the best soil mix for the plant consists of fertile, well-draining soil. The plant’s soil should be kept consistently moist, frequently watered, but not waterlogged.

Thirdly, it’s important to protect the plant from pests and diseases by applying organic pest control measures regularly. Bear in mind that the plant attracts pets, and the plant’s berries are poisonous if ingested.

It’s best to avoid planting this plant in an area that is accessible to children or pets. Finally, the Angel Wings plant can be grown as a low-maintenance ground cover or as an accent plant.

Planting the Caladium ‘Candidum’ outdoors provides a stunning and attractive addition to any home landscape. It’s excellent when you want a pop of color for your garden with its vibrant foliage.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the Caladium ‘Candidum’ has versatile use in both indoor and outdoor settings. When grown indoors, it’s important to provide it with adequate lighting, warmth, and consistent moisture levels.

When planted outside, choose an area protected from strong winds, partial shade, and well-drained soil that is consistently moist. Whether you’re looking to add color and interest to your indoor space or beautify your outdoor landscape, the Angel Wings plant is a beautiful and easy-care choice.

Toxicity of the Caladium ‘Candidum’ to Pets and Humans

While the Caladium ‘Candidum’ plant is attractive and easy to grow, it should be handled with caution since it is toxic to both humans and pets.

Toxicity to Pets and Horses

The Angel Wings plant is toxic to dogs, cats, horses, and other animals, primarily due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals that are harmful if ingested. If your pet comes into contact with the plant, symptoms such as drooling, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and diarrhea may occur.

Severe cases of toxicity may cause renal failure, which can be fatal. If you suspect that your pet has ingested or come into contact with the Caladium ‘Candidum,’ it’s essential to seek veterinary attention immediately.

Make sure to keep the plant away from the reach of pets and to wash your hands thoroughly after handling or cleaning up the plant.

Toxicity to Humans

The Angel Wings plant is also toxic to humans. The plant’s sap contains calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause skin irritation and blisters.

If ingested, symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, and diarrhea may occur. The sap can also irritate the eyes and mucous membranes, causing pain and temporary blindness in severe cases.

To avoid contact with the sap, always wear gloves and long sleeves when handling the plant. If the plant’s sap gets onto your skin or in your eyes, immediately flush the area with water for at least 15 minutes.

In case of ingestion, seek medical attention immediately.

Final Thoughts

While the Caladium ‘Candidum’ is a beautiful and easy-to-grow plant, it is essential always to handle it with care. The plant is toxic to both pets and humans, specifically due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals.

Make sure always to keep the plant away from the reach of children and pets, wear protective clothing when handling the plant, and wash your hands thoroughly after contact. If you suspect that a person or pet has ingested or come into contact with this plant, immediately seek medical attention or veterinary care.

In conclusion, the Caladium ‘Candidum’ is a stunning and versatile plant that can be grown both indoors and outdoors. It requires careful consideration in terms of its cultivation, propagation, and proper handling due to its toxicity to humans and animals.

When adequately maintained, the Angel Wings plant adds beauty and attractiveness to any space, making it a must-have in any plant lover’s collection. Here are some frequently asked questions that might be helpful:


Can the Caladium ‘Candidum’ grow in direct sunlight, and how much light does it need?

The Angel Wings plant prefers bright, indirect light and should not be exposed to direct sunlight since that can damage the plant’s leaves, reducing its aesthetic value.

2. Is the Caladium ‘Candidum’ challenging to care for?

No, it’s not difficult to care for, provided you maintain consistent moisture levels in its soil and avoid exposing it to cold drafts and direct light. 3.

How do I propagate Caladium ‘Candidum’?

The most efficient and straightforward method of propagation is through asexual reproduction, using plantlet cuttings.

4. Is the Caladium ‘Candidum’ plant toxic to pets and humans?

Yes, the Angel Wings plant is toxic to pets, horses, and humans due to the presence of calcium oxalate crystals. Always wear protective clothing when handling the plant and seek medical attention immediately if ingested or come into contact with the sap.

5. Can I grow the Caladium ‘Candidum’ plant outdoors?

Yes, it can be grown outdoors in partial shade, well-draining soil with consistent moisture conditions, and where it will not be exposed to strong winds.

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