Eazy Gardening

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’: A Charmingly Versatile Ornamental Plant for Indoor and Outdoor Spaces

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ (Elephant’s Ears) – A Charming Ornamental Plant

If you are looking for a low-maintenance, decorative plant to add some brightness to your garden, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is an excellent choice. This plant is popularly known as Elephant’s Ears due to the broad, rounded foliage that resembles the giant ears of elephants.

In this article, we will discuss the overview, cultivation, and care of this delightful plant.

Overview of the Plant

Common Names and Vernacular Names

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ belongs to the Saxifragaceae family, and its common names include Elephant’s Ears, Pigsqueak, and Winter-blooming Bergenia. The vernacular names differ based on the region.

In India, it is called Paashaanbhed, which means “stonebreaker,” while in Nepal, it is known as Kharepaani.

Description of the Plant

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a herbaceous perennial plant that grows up to 25 to 30 cm tall and 40 to 60 cm wide. The leaves are glossy, broad, and leathery, with an oval or rounded shape.

The foliage turns from green to a reddish-bronze color in the fall and winter, adding a touch of color to the garden. In the spring, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ produces clusters of pink flowers that emerge on tall stalks above the foliage.

These flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other insects, making it a beneficial plant for wildlife. Characteristics of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’

The following are the notable characteristics of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’:

Appearance: Elephant’s Ears have attractive, broad, and glossy leaves that resemble elephant ears.

The leaves turn from green to reddish-bronze in the fall and winter. Blooming Habits: Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plants bloom in spring with pink flowers that bloom for several weeks.

The flowers are held above the foliage on long stems. Benefits to Wildlife: Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plants are beneficial to the environment, providing nectar-rich flowers that attract bees, butterflies, and other insects.

The plant also serves as a food source and shelter for various wildlife.

Plant Cultivation and Care

Preferred Growing Conditions

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is an easy-to-grow plant that requires minimal attention. It thrives in well-draining soil that is fertile and moderately moist.

It is recommended to plant this species in areas that receive partial or full sun exposure. This plant can tolerate cold temperatures, making it well-suited for colder climates.

Potential Pest and Disease Issues

Although Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a robust plant, a few pest and disease issues should be considered. It can be susceptible to powdery mildew, which causes the appearance of white powdery patches on the leaves.

Spider mites can also cause damage to the leaves, resulting in discoloration and defoliation. Regular monitoring and spraying of insecticides can help control these issues.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

Planting Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is easy, and it can be propagated by division or cutting. The best time to propagate this species is in early spring when the new growth starts to emerge.

The soil should be prepared by adding compost and other organic materials to enhance its fertility. Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ requires minimal care once established.

Regular watering during dry spells is necessary to prevent water stress. Pruning the plant is optional, but when done, it should be after flowering to retain its appearance.

It is recommended to mulch regularly to retain moisture and to control weed growth.


In conclusion, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a versatile and low-maintenance plant that can add color to the garden. They are easy to grow, propagate, and maintain, and their broad foliage and pink flowers make them an excellent addition to any garden.

With proper care, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a long-lasting and charming decorative plant that can provide a radiant and welcoming atmosphere to any outdoor space. Plant Propagation Methods: Sexual and

Asexual Reproduction

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can be propagated through several methods, including sexual and asexual reproduction.

Sexual reproduction involves the use of seeds, while asexual reproduction involves vegetative propagation techniques such as division, cuttings, and tissue culture.

Sexual Reproduction

Sexual reproduction in Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ includes the use of seeds. The process of sexual reproduction begins with the production of flowers, which contain male and female reproductive organs.

The male reproductive organ produces pollen, which is transferred to the female reproductive organ, leading to fertilization and seed development. To propagate Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ through seeds, start by harvesting the seeds from the plant after it finishes blooming.

Sow the seeds in a well-draining, moist soil mix, and place them in a warm, shaded location. Germination may take between two to four weeks.

Asexual Reproduction

Asexual reproduction is a quick and easy method of propagating Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss.’ This method involves vegetative propagation techniques such as division, cuttings, and tissue culture. Division involves separating the plant into two or more parts, each with a portion of the roots, stems, and leaves.

The procedure is performed during the plant’s dormant stage in the fall or early spring. Start by digging up the plant carefully and separating the root clumps using a sharp knife or spade.

Replant the divisions immediately and maintain a moist soil until they establish roots. Cuttings method involves taking a section of the mother plant and rooting it in moist soil or water.

Choose a healthy stem with a few leaves and no flowers, and remove the lower leaves to expose the node. Dip the cutting in a rooting hormone, plant in suitable soil mix, and place it in a warm, humid environment until it roots.

Tissue culture is the latest method of asexual propagation, requiring specialized laboratory conditions and equipment. It involves growing plant cells in a sterile culture medium, allowing them to develop into whole plants under controlled conditions.

Plant Adaptations to Different Environments

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss,’ like any other plant, has adapted to survive in a specific environment. These adaptations allow the plant to grow, reproduce, and thrive in a specific habitat.

Some of the notable adaptations include:

1. Tolerance to Cold Temperatures

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plants are adapted to tolerate cold temperatures.

The plant’s leaves have a waxy coating that reduces water loss, which helps it retain moisture during cold, dry conditions. This adaptation enables the plant to continue photosynthesis and survive in cold environments with low light levels.

2. Resistance to Drought

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a plant adapted to handle drought.

Its root system can grow deep into the soil, reaching areas with moisture during dry spells. The plant’s leaves also have a thick cuticle that reduces water loss through transpiration, helping the plant survive during periods of drought.

3. Adaptation to Low Light Levels

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is well-adapted to low light levels.

The plant’s broad leaves capture the little available light in dense vegetative communities, allowing the plant to photosynthesize. The plant’s leaves are also horizontally positioned, allowing for maximum light absorption.

4. Adaptation to High Light Levels

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is also adapted to high light levels.

The broad leaves tend to shade the underlying tissues from the sun, while the plant’s reflexed leaf margins help to reduce the amount of light that reaches the plant’s interior. The thick, waxy cuticle of the leaves also prevents excess water loss during hot, sunny periods.

5. Adaptation to Herbivory

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plants have developed adaptations to defense against herbivores.

They have tough, leathery leaves that are less palatable to herbivores. The plant also produces secondary metabolites, which can be toxic to specific herbivores, helping to reduce damage by these herbivores.


In conclusion, understanding the methods of plant propagation and plant adaptations to different environments is crucial to the successful cultivation of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss.’ The plant is a wonderful ornamental plant that thrives in different environments with minimal maintenance. With appropriate planting, care, and maintenance, the plant can add color and texture to any garden, making it the perfect addition to any outdoor space.

Usage of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ in Indoor Setting

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a great choice for indoor cultivation. Its captivating foliage and vibrant flowers add a touch of elegance and charm to any indoor space.

Here are some tips on growing Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ indoors:

1. Lighting

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can grow in partial or indirect sunlight, making it an ideal plant for indoor cultivation.

Place the plant near a window that receives enough sunlight, but not direct sunlight, to avoid wilting or leaf burn. If a sunny window is not available, use artificial light such as fluorescent or grow light to provide the plant with the necessary lighting.

2. Container Size and Soil Mix

When planting Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ indoors, select a container that is appropriately sized, leaving enough space for the roots to grow.

The container should have drainage holes to prevent waterlogging. The soil mix should be well-draining, fertile, and enriched with organic matter.

3. Watering

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ requires regular watering, but not too frequently to prevent root rot.

Water the plant only when the topsoil is dry to the touch, and ensure that excess water is drained off. Overwatering can lead to root rot, causing the plant to wilt or die.

4. Humidity

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ prefers humid environments.

Indoor spaces, especially those with air-conditioning or heating, can be dry. To provide the plant with the required humidity, mist the leaves regularly, use pebble trays, or use a humidifier.

5. Temperature

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ thrives in cool temperatures between 60 to 75F.

Indoor temperatures in most homes fall within this range, making it an ideal plant for indoor cultivation. It can still survive in higher temperatures but may require more frequent watering.

Usage of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ in Outdoor Setting

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is an excellent choice for outdoor cultivation due to its low-maintenance requirements and adaptability to different environments. Here are some tips on growing Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ outdoors:


Sunlight and Soil

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ grows well in partial or full sun exposure. However, it prefers locations with partial light to maintain their vibrant colors.

It thrives in well-drained, fertile soil that is enriched with organic matter. 2.

Watering and Fertilizer

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ requires regular watering, especially during the initial growth stages. Once established, it can tolerate drought.

Fertilize the plant once a month using a slow-release fertilizer to provide the necessary nutrients. 3.


Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ does not require frequent pruning, but when done, it is recommended to do it after blooming or in early spring. Removing spent flowers can help the plant focus on new growth.

4. Protection Against Extremes

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a hardy plant, but it may require protection against extreme weather conditions.

In case of extreme heat or cold, consider providing shade or a cover to protect the plant. 5.

Landscape Design

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is an excellent choice for landscaping, thanks to its foliage and color. It can complement other flowering plants or serve as a ground cover.

It also functions as a border or edging plant. The suitability of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ in different design schemes makes it an essential plant for landscaping.


In conclusion, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ has multiple uses as an ornamental plant indoors and outdoors. With the required maintenance and appropriate soil, light and water, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can thrive in different environments, adding color and texture to any space.

Whether designed as a stand-alone plant or as part of a larger landscape project, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ remains a beautiful and versatile addition to any garden. Toxicity of Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ to Pets and Humans

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a non-toxic plant to humans, making it a safe addition to homes or gardens.

However, it can be mildly toxic to pets, particularly cats and dogs, if ingested in significant amounts. Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ contains a compound called oxalic acid, which can cause mild irritation and gastrointestinal problems when consumed in large quantities.

Pets such as dogs and cats may occasionally nibble on the plants and may develop symptoms such as mouth and throat irritation, vomiting, salivation, and diarrhea. It is essential to keep the plant out of the reach of pets and children to avoid accidental ingestion.

If you suspect that your pet has ingested any of the plant’s parts, contact a veterinarian immediately. Horses, on the other hand, may experience more severe symptoms if they consume Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss.’ Horses are more susceptible to the effects of oxalic acid due to their digestive system.

Oxalic acid salts can bind to calcium in the bloodstream, leading to hypocalcemia, which can result in muscle tremors, weakness, and ataxia. If a horse has ingested the plant, seek veterinary support immediately.

In conclusion, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a safe and non-toxic plant to humans. Pet owners should take precautions to ensure that pets, particularly dogs and cats, do not ingest the plant’s parts to prevent mild gastrointestinal problems.

Horse owners should be extra cautious as horses are more susceptible to oxalic acid and the symptoms can be severe. As with any plant, it is always essential to be aware of its potential toxicity and take appropriate measures to avoid any adverse effects.

In conclusion, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ or Elephant’s Ears, is a versatile and low-maintenance plant that can add color and texture to both indoor and outdoor spaces. With proper care, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can thrive in different environments, and it also possesses non-toxic benefits to humans, but pet owners should be careful as it contains oxalic acid that can be mildly toxic to cats, dogs, and more toxic to horses.

Key topics, such as plant propagation methods, plant adaptations to different environments, and usage of the plant in indoor and outdoor settings, were covered in this article. The FAQs below address some of the readers’ common questions and concerns regarding the plant:



Can Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ be grown in partial sunlight? Yes, Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can grow in partial or indirect sunlight, making it an ideal plant for indoor cultivation.

2. Is Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ safe for pets to ingest?

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is non-toxic to humans but can be mildly toxic to cats and dogs if consumed in significant amounts. Horses are more susceptible to the effects of oxalic acid, which can lead to more severe symptoms.

3. Can Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ survive extreme weather conditions?

Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ is a hardy plant that can survive in different weather conditions but may require protection against extreme heat or cold. 4.

How often should I water my Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plant? Water Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ regularly, but not frequently, and only when the topsoil is dry to the touch.

Overwatering can lead to root rot, causing the plant to wilt or die. 5.

What is the best way to propagate Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ plant? Bergenia ‘Angel Kiss’ can be propagated through sexual and asexual reproduction methods, including seeds, division, cuttings, and tissue culture.

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