Eazy Gardening

Boxwood Beauty: Growing and Caring for Buxus Green Velvet

Boxwoods are one of the most versatile and sought-after ornamental shrubs in the world. Boxwoods are used for landscaping, hedges, and as container plants.

Their glossy leaves, lush appearance, and adaptability make boxwoods ideal for maintaining the aesthetic value of many gardens across the country. One such boxwood variety is Buxus Green Velvet, a popular cultivar that is known for its denser foliage and deeper green coloration.

In this article, we discuss the overview of the plant and offer tips on proper cultivation and care.

Overview of the plant

Buxus Green Velvet is also known as American Boxwood, Green Velvet Boxwood, or Common Box. It is a slow-growing evergreen shrub that typically reaches a height between 3-4 feet and a diameter of around 3 feet.

Boxwoods are loved for their compact and lush green leaves, which add texture, foliage, and evergreen elements to any landscaping design. This particular variety is known for its vibrant, dark green leaves which are dense and more extensive than other boxwood species or cultivars.

Plant Characteristics

Buxus Green Velvet is an evergreen plant, meaning it retains its foliage throughout the year. It grows a fine-textured leaf that is broader than other boxwoods but still maintains a bright-green hue.

The plant blooms with small, white-colored flowers in the months of April and May, typically concealed by the foliage. The flowers do not increase the landscape value of the plant because they are small and insignificant.

Buxus Green Velvet, however, does not produce any significant fruit that can harm the plant’s appearance. Boxwoods are also host to small insects who can feed on the plant, but boxwood leaves are known to contain a toxic alkaloid, which helps deter insects and pests.

Benefits to wildlife

Boxwood is ideal for attracting wildlife, including birds and bees, which are attracted to the small flowers. Boxwoods also provide excellent cover, nesting habitat, and a food source for small mammals like chipmunks and squirrels, making them an excellent addition to any wildlife-friendly garden.

Plant cultivation and care

Proper cultivation and care of Buxus Green Velvet will ensure they thrive for years to come. Here are some simple tips on how to grow them.

Preferred Growing Conditions

Buxus Green Velvet grows best in well-draining soil enriched with organic matter, but it is adaptable to any other soil type. It can tolerate full sun to partial shade, making it suitable for many landscaping settings.

Boxwoods can become more susceptible to diseases if they remain in shaded, damp areas.

Planting tips

New boxwood plants can be planted at any time of year, but the best time to plant is during the early fall or late winter after the ground has thawed. Plant boxwoods in an area where it receives at least 5 hours of sunlight each day.

When planting boxwoods, take into account the growth habit of the cultivar or species. For Buxus Green Velvet, plants need to be spaced 2-3 feet apart to achieve maximum growth and coverage.

Maintenance tips

Boxwoods require little maintenance once they are established. Pruning should be performed once a year, typically during the early spring.

Pruning too late in the growing season can remove the plant’s new growth and affect its appearance. For Buxus Green Velvet, the best practice is to maintain the desired height of the plant.

Boxwoods can grow slowly, so it should be trimmed evenly to achieve the optimal shape of a sphere, oval, or rectangle.

Potential plant pests and disease issues

Boxwoods are susceptible to a few common diseases like boxwood blight, root rot, genets, and Phytophthora. These diseases typically manifest through bumps on leaves, color change on leaves, leaf loss, yellow or brown leaves, and spots on leaves.

If any of these symptoms appear, consult a horticulturist or a plant pathologist for advice about how to treat the plant. Overwatering, poor drainage, and crowded conditions can cause or worsen these diseases, so it is essential to prevent such scenarios from occurring.

In conclusion, Buxus Green Velvet’ is an excellent boxwood choice for landscaping a garden. It is versatile, grows well in various light conditions, and is effortless to maintain.

Boxwoods can offer lush foliage, texture, and keep their beautiful appearance throughout the year. These plants require only minimal maintenance, so they are ideal for a homeowner looking for a low-maintenance landscaping option.

Understanding how to properly plant and maintain boxwoods will help guarantee successful growth and long-lasting beauty in every garden.

3) Plant propagation methods

Buxus Green Velvet can be propagated using both sexual and asexual methods. Sexual reproduction involves cross-pollination between male and female plants to produce seeds with genetic variability.

Boxwoods produce small, inconspicuous flowers, and their flowers are usually wind-pollinated, which can cause the plant to cross-pollinate. However, sexually propagated boxwoods require significant labor and attention, and it takes several years before they mature and start producing foliage.

Furthermore, seed-grown plants may not produce foliage that is identical to the parent plant. Asexual or vegetative propagation, on the other hand, is an easier and faster method of propagating boxwoods.

This method involves taking cuttings from mature plants and rooting them in soil, water, or a rooting hormone. The resulting plants are often identical to the parent plant.

Stem cuttings are taken from healthy and disease-free plants and should be about 3-4 inches long. The cuttings should be dipped in a rooting hormone powder before being planted in a well-drained soil medium.

The cuttings should be kept in a warm, moist environment to encourage rooting. Layering is another technique that can be used to propagate boxwoods.

The technique involves burying a portion of a mature stem underground, leaving the tip of the stem exposed to the air. The buried portion of the stem will start to produce roots, and once rooted, can be detached from the parent plant and planted on its own.

4) Plant adaptations to different environments

Buxus Green Velvet has several adaptations that enable it to survive and thrive in different environments. One of its most notable adaptations is its evergreen nature.

Evergreen plants, like boxwoods, are adapted to environments with long growing seasons, a small range of temperatures, and non-cyclical variations. In regions where winter is mild, evergreen plants can maintain their leaves throughout the cold months, allowing them to photosynthesize and produce sugars crucial to their survival.

Another adaptation of boxwoods is their deep root system, which helps them absorb water and nutrients from the soil. Boxwoods can grow in poorly draining soils due to their deep root system, which allows them to access deeper soil layers for water.

Their ability to adapt to different soils also makes them a perfect plant for container gardening, as long as you use well-draining soil and containers. Boxwoods are also drought tolerant and can grow in areas with low rainfall.

They have a waxy coating on their leaves that restricts water loss through transpiration, protecting the plant from dehydration in high heat. This adaptation allows boxwoods to grow in areas with dry climates, allowing them to store water when available and expend it during times of drought.

Boxwoods have the ability to maintain their shape and size, making pruning and shaping easy for gardeners. This adaptation is due to their slow growth rate, which allows the plant to conserve resources, retain more water, and remain healthy under different growing conditions.

In conclusion, boxwoods are adaptable plants that thrive in different environments thanks to their evergreen nature, deep root system, and drought tolerance. They are excellent ornamental plants that can be propagated through sexual or asexual methods.

Vegetative propagation is preferred, as it produces identical plants faster and with less labor. Gardeners can appreciate boxwoods due to their ability to adapt to their surroundings and their easy maintenance.

They add texture, depth, and color to any garden or landscaping design and also thank emerging wildlife, including birds and bees. Understanding how to propagate and care for boxwoods in different environments will ensure the plant’s longevity and beauty for years to come.

5) Usage of the plant in indoor settings

Buxus Green Velvet is commonly used as an outdoor landscaping plant, but it can also be grown in indoor settings. This boxwood cultivar can add a touch of greenery to any living space, regardless of its size.

Its miniature size makes it a perfect plant for decoration in apartments, offices, or condominiums. Indoor boxwoods add texture and depth to any living space, and they can also help purify the indoor air, removing harmful pollutants and toxins.

To keep Buxus Green Velvet healthy indoors, it is vital to select a well-lit location with a consistent temperature. It can be grown in containers placed in bright light and protected from direct sunlight and draughts.

Consider using a high-quality potting mix that provides good drainage, and repot the plant to a larger container after its roots outgrow the current one. Indoor boxwoods require regular watering to keep the soil moist but not saturated.

Well-watered plants keep their bright green color and texture for months. Pruning and shaping are essential for maintaining healthy indoor boxwoods.

Boxwoods are slow-growing plants, but they will still need regular pruning to keep them tidy and maintain their shape. In indoor settings, it would be best to trim the plant to minimize dust and debris accumulation, which could lead to insect infestations.

Indoor boxwoods thrive in temperatures between 60-75F and should be monitored for signs of pest infestations.

6) Usage of the plant in outdoor settings

Buxus Green Velvet is a popular ornamental shrub used in many outdoor landscaping designs. It is suitable for various landscaping styles and can be used as a hedge, topiary, or evergreen background.

Buxus Green Velvets lush green foliage and dense habit create a visually appealing and low-maintenance option for enhancing any outdoor space. When planted in groups, they create a uniform look that adds a touch of sophistication to any garden.

These plants are versatile and can grow in various lighting conditions, from full sun to partial shade, making them easy to incorporate into different landscaping designs. Boxwoods can grow in various soils, but they prefer well-draining soils that offer adequate moisture and proper nutrition, like loam or sandy soils mixed with compost or other organic material.

Boxwoods are excellent candidates for container gardening too, which makes them ideal for patios or small outdoor spaces. Pruning, shaping, and maintenance are crucial for boxwoods planted outdoors to maintain their healthy growth and foliage density.

It is vital to prune boxwoods when the plant is young, to promote branching and develop good skeletal branching structure. Shearing boxwoods maintains the density and shape of the plant, which creates a tidy and uniform look.

Pruning and shaping should be performed during the active growing season to promote dense foliage growth. Boxwoods should be fertilized at the beginning of the growing season with a slow-release fertilizer to replenish essential nutrients.

Buxus Green Velvet is resilient to pests and diseases, but it can still be affected by insects like spider mites and fungal diseases like boxwood blight and Phytophthora root rot. Proper sanitation and timely monitoring can help prevent infections and minimize damage.

Spray applications of insecticidal soap or horticultural oil can help control pests, while proper drainage and good airflow can help prevent root rot. In conclusion, Buxus Green Velvet is a versatile plant widely used in outdoor landscaping and suitable for indoor settings.

Its lush foliage and dense habit make it an ideal candidate for hedges, topiaries, and evergreen backdrops. Growing boxwoods in outdoor and indoor settings requires good light, well-draining soils, and appropriate maintenance practices like pruning and shaping.

Indoor boxwoods require well-lit locations, regular watering, and good pruning habits, while outdoor boxwoods require proper nutrition, pruning, and pest management. Incorporating boxwoods into your outdoor or indoor space can add a touch of elegance, sophistication, and low-maintenance appeal that significantly enhances the aesthetic value of your landscaping.

Buxus Green Velvet contains toxic and carcinogenic substances that should be considered before planting or handling. The plant contains alkaloids, which are toxic to pets and humans when ingested.

Additionally, the plant is a known allergen to some individuals, leading to dermatitis, inflammation, and other allergic reactions. The toxic substances in Buxus Green Velvet can result in vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration in pets like dogs, cats, and horses who are prone to ingesting strange materials.

Symptoms of toxicity may include drooling, abdominal pain, lethargy, and seizures. Ingestion of plant material can cause obstruction or blockage in the digestive system of pets, leading to vomiting or other severe reactions.

Pet owners should ensure that the plant is placed out of reach of pets or dogs and should watch their pets closely when near any boxwood. The plant can also be toxic to humans.

Ingestion of plant material or contact with the skin can lead to skin irritations, and in extreme cases, symptoms of toxicity like vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea. The toxic substances in the plant can also cause cardiovascular issues and organ failure.

Individuals prone to skin sensitivities, allergies, or respiratory diseases should avoid coming into contact with the plant material. In summary, Buxus Green Velvet contains toxic substances that can cause adverse reactions like vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, or skin irritations in pets and humans.

Pet owners should be careful to place the plant out of reach of pets, while individuals should wear gloves when handling the plant or avoid contact altogether. It’s important to consult a veterinarian or a trained horticulturist in case of suspected toxicity, and medical attention should be sought immediately if any symptoms occur.

In conclusion, Buxus Green Velvet is a versatile and popular ornamental shrub suitable for both indoor and outdoor settings. Boxwoods can thrive in different environments and are easy to maintain with proper cultivation practices.

It’s important to keep in mind, however, that the plant contains toxic substances, which can cause harm to pets and humans if ingested or handled improperly. By following proper care and handling techniques, boxwoods can add significant value to a garden or indoor space, providing texture, depth, and a low-maintenance green aesthetic.


Q: Can Buxus Green Velvet grow in full sun? A: Yes, Buxus Green Velvet can tolerate full sun to partial shade, making them suitable for use in different lighting conditions.

Q: Do boxwoods require a lot of pruning? A: Boxwoods require pruning to maintain their shape, achieve maximum growth, and maintain their foliage density.

Q: Can boxwoods grow in containers? A: Boxwoods can grow in containers, but it’s essential to use a well-draining soil mix and ensure adequate moisture and nutrition.

Q: Are boxwoods resistant to pests and diseases? A: While they are generally pest and disease-resistant, boxwoods are susceptible to diseases like Phytophthora and insect infestations like spider mites.

Q: Are boxwoods toxic to pets and humans? A: Yes, boxwoods contain toxic substances that can cause harm to pets and humans if ingested or handled improperly.

It’s essential to follow proper care and handling procedures.

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