Eazy Gardening

Go Green with Buffalo Grass: The Low-Maintenance and Drought-Resistant Lawn Solution

Buffalo Grass: A Drought-Tolerant Plant Perfect for Your Lawn

Are you in search of a drought-resistant turfgrass that requires low maintenance? Then, read on.

The Bouteloua dactyloides, commonly known as Buffalo Grass, is a popular plant among homeowners and landscape architects. This shortgrass prairie-native plant boasts numerous characteristics that make it an excellent lawn type for homeowners.

In this article, we will explore the characteristics and benefits of Buffalo Grass, its cultivation and care, and potential pest and disease issues.

Overview of the Plant

Common Names, Vernacular Names

Bouteloua dactyloides, commonly known as Buffalo Grass, is also known by other names such as curly mesquite, grama, and green sprangletop. It is a popular grass species in areas with dry climate and low water availability.

Description of the Plant

Buffalo Grass is a warm-season perennial grass that spreads through stolons (above-ground runners) and rhizomes (underground stems). It has a unique blue-green color as it grows and creates a dense turf.

This plant species can grow up to 3 to 6 inches in height and is often a dark bluish-green color. It produces small spikelets in the summer that rise above the grass level and turn brown as they mature.

The pale green leaves have a curled or twisted appearance that gives its bright green turf a distinct look among other lawn species.

Characteristics of the Plant


Buffalo Grass has a soft, fine texture that provides a dense turf. It can survive in areas with minimal maintenance or watering to keep it looking full and healthy.

This grass species is becoming increasingly popular as a turfgrass because of its unique features, such as its fine texture, bright green color, and the ability to grow well in low water conditions.

Blooming Habits

Buffalo Grass is drought-resistant and can survive hot and dry conditions, making it a hardy plant that doesn’t require much water. It blooms in mid-summer, producing small, wheat-like seed heads.

After blooming, the grass turns yellow, giving it a burnt appearance, but it will return to green once the rainfall begins.

Benefits to Wildlife

Buffalo Grass is an excellent food source for livestock and wildlife, such as antelopes, bison, and prairie dogs. It also provides a habitat for ground-nesting birds, such as larks.

Plant Cultivation and Care

Preferred Growing Conditions

Buffalo Grass grows best in full sunlight with well-drained soils and has good survival for soils with high salt content. It prefers soils with a pH of 6.5 to 7.5 and doesn’t tolerate soil that is high in clay.

This species can survive well in low moisture and is tolerant of cold temperatures; withstands drought and keeps green through the summer heat.

Potential Pest and Disease Issues

Buffalo Grass is susceptible to certain diseases, such as leaf smut, but such interruptions are not common and intercontinental breeding has improved the microbial features to resist these diseases. Pre-emergent herbicide use should be avoided as it interferes with the germination and growth process of the Buffalo Grass.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

If you are interested in planting Buffalo Grass, ensure that you purchase seeds that come from the same climate and soil type as your lawn environment. The best time to sow seeds is in late spring when the temperatures are consistently above 70.

Fall planting may work better if planted before the end of August. Fall is the preferred season for sod installations and should be overseeded in the spring.

During the establishment phase, its vital that the seedbed remains moist, but care should also be taken so that it does not become over-saturated with water. You could consider drip irrigation to deliver moisture in the places it’s needed without causing runoff during seedling stage.

Once the grass has established itself and is mature, it can be watered less frequently. Avoid excessive fertilizing, with just a tablespoon of Nitrogen per 1000sqft per year needed.


In conclusion, Buffalo Grass offers a plethora of benefits to homeowners who are interested in growing low maintenance, drought-resistant grass. Its beautiful appearance, ability to survive in low moisture conditions and provide habitat, among others, makes it a win-win choice.

Its resiliency to pests and disease, appropriate planting techniques and a thorough understanding of the preferred maintenance guidelines, will help you create a lush green lawn. Welcome to the world of Buffalo Grass, a species native to North America that provides water-wise solutions to the still-growing problem of limited access to water.

Plant Propagation Methods: Sexual and Asexual Reproduction in Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass is a warm-season perennial grass that can be propagated both sexually and asexually. There are several methods of propagation, each with its benefits and challenges.

Sexual reproduction involves the use of seeds, while asexual reproduction involves several techniques such as sodding and vegetative propagation. In this article, we will discuss these propagation methods in detail.

Sexual Reproduction

Buffalo Grass produces seeds with high germination potential. Seed production in Buffalo Grass occurs in the summer, where the flowering stems or spikelets contain the seeds.

The seeds mature, turn brown and the spikelets break open to release the seeds when they are ready to germinate in the right conditions. To propagate Buffalo Grass from seed, start by collecting the seed heads from the plant in the late summer.

Remove any debris from the seeds, then sow the seeds in a seedbed prepared with fertile soil. Ideally, the seedbed should be moist and free of weed to allow the seeds to acquire proper nutrients to grow.

Keep the soil consistently moist during germination, and ensure that they are in a warm environment. Germination typically occurs within 10-14 days, provided that the temperature is optimal.

To improve your chances of proper germination, the soil temperature should reach around 70, and the air temperature should be above 60. Continue watering the seeds and keep the growing medium moist but not waterlogged as the grass germinates and grows.

Asexual Reproduction


Sodding is a way of propagating buffalo grass vegetatively. This is the process of planting Buffalo Grass grown in soil patches or squares known as sods.

Buffalo Grass sods offer numerous advantages, including quicker establishment, giving your lawn an already mature look.

To create a Buffalo Grass sod, first, water the area where you want to harvest the sods.

By using a sharp spade, cut thin, rectangular strips of grass 2-3 inches thicker than the actual sods you need. Sod should be at a thickness of not less than two inches, and avoid cutting the stolons while harvesting the sod.

If the turf rolls up smoothly, place the rolllines in a dry and shady area and water immediately. If sodging on a larger area, start by preparing the soil, ensuring that it has the needed nutrients.

Place the sods in rows touching each other. By compacting the soil around, the roots will grow into the soil below it.

Once all the sods are laid out, water them regularly to ensure that the sods establish themselves well to the soil.

Vegetative Propagation

Vegetative propagation is the quickest asexual method of propagating buffalo grass, and it’s also the most effective. This asexual method is done by dividing and planting sections of the plant, allowing for new shoots to emerge from the separated sections, usually served as seedlings or plugs.

To propagate Buffalo Grass vegetatively, start by selecting healthy and mature plants and digging up the clumps. The larger the plant or clump, the more sections it will make.

Gently break apart the clumps into sections while making sure each section has roots that have not been damaged during the process but have no soil attached to the roots. Transplant the individual sections, separated from the original plant, at an adequate spacing of around one foot apart.

Maintain them with close attention for around two weeks until new growth begins to emerge, then resume and treat them as previously described in the maintenance section above.

Plant Adaptations to Different Environments

Buffalo Grass has numerous adaptations that help it grow in different environments. These adaptations ensure it can survive harsh conditions such as drought, seasonal changes, and extreme heat.

Drought Adaptations

Buffalo grass has a deep root structure, allowing it to tap into the soil’s deep-water resources. This feature allows it to survive and grow in drought-prone areas where water isn’t readily available.

Additionally, it has the ability to go into dormancy when water is limited, only to re-emerge once the rains return, making it less water-demanding.

Heat Adaptations

Buffalo grass has evolved specific traits that enable it to survive in areas where high temperatures are consistent throughout the year. The grass leaves have unique curling patterns that keep the grass fresh and prevent it from withering during extended periods of high heat.

This adaptive curling mechanism helps the lawn conserve water during periods of excessive heat.

Cold Adaptations

Buffalo grass can tolerate cold temperatures in most areas across North America. It has adopted the ability to go into dormancy when winter comes to ensure it can withstand freezing temperatures without damage.

While the grass may wither during this period, it will grow back once the weather warms up.

Salt Adaptations

Buffalo Grass is well adapted to saline soil conditions. It can easily grow in areas with high salinity because of the more extensive root system that can absorb ions (complex chemical compounds) that may decrease plant health.

In conclusion, Buffalo Grass propagation and adaptations to different environments make it a reliable and significantly useful lawn-grass species. Both sexual and asexual propagation methods can be efficient, but proper handling and care are needed.

The range of adaptations to varying environments make Buffalo Grass a relatively low maintenance grass, an excellent choice for homeowners who want to reap long-lasting benefits from their lawns without having to put in a lot of effort.

Using Buffalo Grass in Indoor and Outdoor Settings

Buffalo Grass is a versatile plant that can be used in both indoor and outdoor settings. It is a low-maintenance grass that is popular among homeowners and landscape architects.

Its unique characteristics, including drought-tolerance and adaptability to various soil conditions, make it an excellent choice for both indoor and outdoor settings.

Using Buffalo Grass Indoors

Buffalo Grass can be grown indoors in pots, providing a unique, natural aesthetic to your living space. Growing Buffalo Grass indoors presents a few challenges that must be addressed for success.

These challenges include proper sunlight, soil quality, and water requirements. Provided that the proper care specifications are consistently met, Buffalo Grass has a better chance of providing lush green grass indoors.

Lighting Requirements

Buffalo Grass thrives in full sunlight, with at least 6-8 hours of full sunlight per day. When indoors, you may not have access to natural sunlight all year round and may need to invest in artificial lighting that provides the intensity and duration of light needed for the plant.

Soil Quality

Buffalo Grass requires a well-draining soil mix and good pore space. The soil used should be a mixture of sand, soil, and perlite to improve fertilization, aeration, and ensure that the soil doesn’t retain excessive water.

A soil pH between 6.5 and 7.0 is ideal.

Water Requirements

When growing Buffalo Grass indoors, frequent watering and soil maintenance are necessary. Water the soil enough to keep it moist, but not waterlogged.

Overwatering tends to stress the plants and leads to yellowing or wilting while underwatering leads to dryness and brittle grass.

Using Buffalo Grass Outdoors

Buffalo Grass is an excellent outdoor plant as it is tolerant of a wide variety of soil conditions and can withstand extreme temperatures. It provides dense lawns with a distinctive texture and color that is beautiful and rustic.

Homeowners interested in gardening can benefit from having a Buffalo Grass lawn in the following outdoor settings.

Residential Lawns

Buffalo Grass is perfect for residential lawns because of its drought tolerance and low maintenance. Buffalo Grass is also easy to care for compared to other lawn types as they require less water.

However, it is crucial to note that Buffalo Grass may require more regular mowing than other grass types as it spreads through underground stems or stolons and can grow tall.


Buffalo Grass is an excellent choice for landscape architects as it can be used to add texture to garden beds and support other green plants. Landscapers mainly use it as a low-water lawn option, which will not only provide an aesthetic appeal but also protect the environment.

Buffalo Grass also provides soft plant edges that cater to walking, playing, or other outdoor activities.

Sporting Fields

Buffalo Grass is becoming popular in the sporting field sector, mainly for its tolerance to heavy foot traffic and low water requirements. It can provide a lush green and durable playing surface that endures extended periods without damage.

Buffalo Grass is also an excellent choice for homeowners who seek a better-looking surface on their unused sporting fields.

Green Roofs

Buffalo Grass can serve as an excellent replacement for a traditional grass lawn on urban rooftops. The shallow depth of rooftop soil layers does not favor conventional lawn-grass species, while Buffalo Grass requires less upkeep than other grass types and provides a unique aesthetic appeal.

Maintenance of Buffalo Grass in Outdoor and Indoor Settings

Buffalo Grass is a relatively low maintenance grass, whether it’s in indoor or outdoor settings. It has a slower growth rate than other types of grass, making it easier to care for.

Moreover, practicing proper maintenance techniques can ensure that your Buffalo Grass thrives.


Buffalo Grass should be mowed to between two and a half to four inches in height. Regular mowing of around every two to three weeks will help maintain that height and promote a greener, denser lawn.


Buffalo Grass is well adapted to different environmental conditions, and it only requires watering when drought-like conditions occur. Regular watering may lead to overwatering, and this may affect the health of the grass.

When watering, its best to water deeply to encourage deep root growth and avoid waterlogging.


Buffalo Grass requires minimal fertilization as it is a plant that requires few nutrients. However, it’s essential to ensure that you use fertilizers specific for Buffalo Grass or other warm-season lawn-grass species.

Fertilizers containing nitrogen promote healthy growth. But remember not to overfertilize.

In conclusion, Buffalo Grass is a practical, adaptable and low maintenance plant that can be used both indoors and outdoors. It brings a unique aesthetic appeal to any setting and is perfect for individuals interested in eco-friendly plant options.

Growing Buffalo Grass requires proper care to thrive, regardless of the setting, so following the outlined guidelines will ensure the most successful plant growth and development. Toxicity of Buffalo Grass to Pets, Horses, and Humans

While Buffalo Grass is generally safe for humans, pets, and horses, there have been occasional instances where pets and horses develop adverse reactions to Buffalo Grass.

The plant is not considered toxic; however, they can cause mild skin irritations or digestive problems if consumed in large quantities.

Toxicity to Pets

Though Buffalo Grass is safe for pets, some chemicals used in pesticides may cause irritation with excessive or long-term exposure. Contact with the grass may cause mild skin irritation and itching in some pets or even humans due to the presence of microscopic spines on the leaves.

Ingesting Buffalo Grass in large quantities causes vomiting, diarrhea, and other digestive problems. The spread of invasive species of weeds or grass around Buffalo Grass that is chemically treated can create illnesses in domesticated animals upon ingestion.

Toxicity to Horses

Horses can consume small amounts of Buffalo Grass without any major effects. However, animals that happen to eat this grass, particularly in large quantities or through grazing in monoculture or chemically treated grass areas, could have a weakened immune response, leading to digestive problems, mouth ulcers, and diarrhea.

Toxicity to Humans

Buffalo Grass is not listed as a toxic plant to humans, although contact may cause mild skin irritations due to the spines on the leaves. It’s always best to wear gloves when handling Buffalo Grass.

Precautionary Measures

although Buffalo Grass is considered safe, it’s vital to take precautionary measures to prevent any harmful effects, especially if pets or horses are present. Limiting contact by grazing animals on Buffalo Grass to prevent excessive and uncontrolled intake is one precautionary measure.

Vigilant monitoring of toxic chemicals and chemically-dominated invasive species within the lawn or garden that can cause dangerous internal reactions when ingested or inhaled by the animals is another.

If you suspect that your pet or a horse has ingested Buffalo Grass and, in doubt of any symptom, consult with a veterinarian or medical practitioner.

They will be able to give you the proper guidance and determine if further relocation to specialized facilities is necessary to manage symptoms or reverse trauma. In conclusion, Buffalo Grass is a hardy, drought-tolerant plant that offers numerous benefits to homeowners, landscapers, and gardeners- both for indoor and outdoor environments.

With a unique texture, adaptability to various environmental conditions, and relatively low maintenance needs across settings, it’s a go-to choice for anyone who desires a green, eco-friendly garden. Though it’s considered safe for humans, pets, and horses, proper care should be taken to prevent harmful effects of pesticide exposure, excessive ingestion, contact, and handling.

Below are some of the key FAQs we’ve addressed regarding Buffalo Grass:

1. Is Buffalo Grass prone to diseases and

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