Eazy Gardening

Gorgeous and Adaptable: The Camellia x Williamsii ‘Donation’ Plant

Camellia x williamsii, commonly known as Williams camellia, is a popular flowering shrub that belongs to the Theaceae family. It is a hybrid plant that originated from the crosses between Camellia japonica and Camellia saluenensis.

This beautiful plant has gained a reputation for its stunning flowers, evergreen foliage, and easy-to-grow nature.

Overview of the Plant

The camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is a specific cultivar highly praised for its commendable qualities. The plant is also commonly known as the Williamsii Donation.

It is an evergreen shrub that typically grows to a height of 6-10 feet and a spread of 4-6 feet. The leaves are dark green, shiny, and leathery, with a pointed oval shape.

Its beautiful blooms, which appear in late winter to early spring, are a sight to behold. The flowers are deep red and large, measuring around 4-5 inches in diameter.

The camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ has a beautiful form and structure that makes it perfect for hedges, screening, or as a specimen plant.

Characteristics of the Plant

Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is one of the most loved camellias due to its striking floral display. With stunning, deep red flowers that bloom in late winter and early spring, it is not surprising that many gardeners revere this plant.

The petals of the flower are broad and rounded, with ruffled edges and golden stamens that create a stunning contrast. The plant’s evergreen foliage provides year-round interest, making it an essential addition to any garden.

In addition to its aesthetics, the camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ provides numerous benefits to wildlife. The plant attracts bees, butterflies, and birds that feed on the nectar-rich flowers.

The dense foliage offers cover and shelter to birds and small animals.

Plant Cultivation and Care

The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is a hardy plant that is easy to grow with basic care. With proper management, the plant can live for decades and provide years of beautiful blooms.

Preferred Growing Conditions

The plant thrives in well-drained, acidic soil, with moderate moisture levels. It requires partial shade to full sun exposure, although it should not be planted in areas with extreme exposure to sunlight or in areas with severe wind exposure.

When planting, the spacing should be done with sufficient distance, usually 4-6 feet apart, to allow for airflow and maintenance of the plant’s structure.

Potential Pest and Disease Issues

While the camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is generally a hardy plant, there are a few pests that can infest it. The most common insect pests include scale insects, spider mites, and aphids that can be controlled through organic insecticides, neem oil or horticultural oil.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

To ensure the optimal growth and blooming of the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’, the following planting and maintenance tips should be followed:

1. Plant the shrub in moderately moist, acidic soil with partial shade to full sun exposure


Prune regularly to retain the plant’s shape and improve air circulation. 3.

Fertilize with acidic fertilizer before the blooming period

4. Mulch the base of the plant to retain moisture and prevent weed growth


Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not wet. In conclusion, the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is an excellent plant for anyone who is interested in attractive flowering shrubs.

With beautiful, deep red flowers and evergreen foliage, it provides year-round interest in any garden. If you want to add a splash of color to your garden, be sure to give the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ a try.

With proper care, you’ll enjoy its beauty and benefits for many years to come. Plant Propagation Methods: Sexual Reproduction

The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is typically propagated through sexual reproduction, which involves the use of seeds.

When seeds are used for propagation, the plant will likely exhibit some degree of genetic variation, which could result in slight differences in the size, shape, or color of the flowers produced by the plant. To propagate the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ through the use of seeds, it is important to start by selecting healthy, mature plants that are free from pests and diseases.

Once a healthy plant is selected, its seed pods can be harvested by hand when they become ripe and start to split open. Once you obtain the seed pods, you need to remove the seeds from inside the pods.

The seeds should then be cleaned, rinsed, and dried before you start with the sowing process. After drying, the seeds can be sown in small pots or seed trays filled with a well-draining, acidic soil mix.

The soil should be moist but not wet, and the seeds should be planted at a depth of around one inch. Once sown, the seeds can be covered with a thin layer of vermiculite for added protection and watered regularly.

Plant Propagation Methods: Asexual Reproduction

In addition to sexual reproduction, the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ can be propagated asexually through a number of methods, including stem cuttings, air layering, and grafting. These methods make it possible to produce an exact genetic replica of the parent plant, resulting in flowers and foliage that are identical to the original cultivar.

Stem Cuttings: To propagate through stem cuttings, take a 4-6 inch long cutting from the parent plant, avoiding areas with flowers or buds. Remove the lower leaves from the cutting, leaving only a few leaves at the top.

Dip the end of the cutting in rooting hormone, and then plant it in a pot filled with a well-draining soil mix, water it well and keep the soil moist, but not wet. Air Layering: Air layering is a method that involves wounding the stem of the parent plant and encouraging the growth of roots that can be used to grow a new plant.

To air layer, select a branch that is around 1 inch in diameter, and remove a 2-inch section of bark at the center of the stem, leaving the wood exposed. Apply rooting hormone to the exposed area, cover it with damp moss, and wrap it with plastic film.

Over time, roots will develop within the moss, and once this happens, the stem section can be cut and planted in a pot filled with a well-draining soil mix. Grafting: Grafting is the method of attaching a young cutting or branch from the parent plant, called the scion, onto the rootstock of another plant.

This method is often used to propagate plants with desirable traits and can be used to create plants that are better adapted to their environment.

Plant Adaptations to Different Environments

The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is native to Japan and is well adapted to temperate climates. However, it can adapt to different environments depending on the growing conditions.

For example, plants grown in full sun tend to have thicker, smaller leaves with greater sun tolerance, while those grown in shaded areas have larger, thin leaves with higher chlorophyll content to take advantage of the limited light.

The plant has also adapted to poor and acidic soils, typical in temperate regions, and copes well with both drought and waterlogged conditions.

However, excess water can lead to root rot, which is lethal to the plant. In areas with harsh winter conditions, it is recommended to plant the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ in locations that offer shelter from strong winds.

Plants grown in areas with a warmer climate may require additional shade to prevent sun damage. In conclusion, the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is an adaptable plant that can grow in a range of environments.

By using proper propagation methods and providing the right growing conditions, the plant can thrive and provide beautiful blooms year after year. Whether you’re a first-time gardener or a seasoned pro, this plant is a great addition to any garden or outdoor space.

Usage of Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ in Indoor Setting

The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is a lovely and compact plant that can also be grown indoors. It will add a touch of elegance and beauty to your home, especially when it’s in bloom.

When growing this plant indoors, it is important to select a container that is at least one size larger than the plant’s current pot. Use a well-draining potting mix, preferably one that is specifically designed for camellias.

Ensure there is adequate drainage in the container by covering the bottom with a layer of stones or pebbles. Place the plant in an area that receives bright, indirect light.

This can be in the greenhouse, near a window, or in a well-lit room. During the flowering period, ensure that the soil is kept moist but not overwatered.

Using a humidity tray can help to maintain the plant’s moisture and keep the air around the plant humid. Usage of Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ in Outdoor Setting

The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is an excellent choice for outdoor planting in a garden or landscape setting.

When properly planted and maintained, it can enhance the beauty of an outdoor area with its stunning, deep red blooms. Planting the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ outdoors requires the right growing conditions, including well-draining, acidic soil and partial shade to full sun exposure.

Make sure to select an area that is protected from strong winds, as this can cause damage to the plant. When planting outdoors, it’s essential to plant at the correct depth to help keep the plant healthy.

Ensure that the soil is well-draining by adding organic matter such as compost or shredded leaves. Once the plant is in place, mulch the soil to retain moisture and prevent the growth of weeds.

During the growing season, the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ requires regular watering and fertilization. Ensure that the soil is kept moist but not waterlogged.

Fertilization should be done in mid to late spring before the blooming period with a specialized acidic fertilizer. To maintain the plant’s structure, it is recommended to prune the plant once a year after the blooming period.


The Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is an excellent plant to add to both an indoor or outdoor space. The beauty of its deep-red flowers coupled with its evergreen foliage makes it a great choice for people seeking an attractive plant to add to their indoor or outdoor gardens.

With proper care, it will bloom abundantly, providing year-round interest and creating a serene aura around the house. Toxicity of the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’

While the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is not considered toxic to humans, it can be harmful to pets and horses.

The plant contains saponins, which are compounds that can cause digestive upset and skin irritation when ingested. Symptoms of ingestion can vary from mild to severe, depending on the amount of the plant that is ingested.

Common symptoms can include vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain. If a pet or horse is suspected of ingesting parts of the plant, it is best to seek veterinary attention immediately.

To prevent ingestion, it is important to keep pets and horses away from the plant. This can be accomplished by either planting it in an area out of reach or surrounding it with a physical barrier.

In addition to ingestion, handling the plant can also cause skin irritation in some individuals. If you have sensitive skin, it is recommended that you wear gloves when handling or pruning the plant.

If contact irritation occurs, wash the affected area with soap and water and avoid touching the plant until the irritation has subsided. In conclusion, while the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is not toxic to humans, it can be harmful to pets and horses.

By being aware of the potential risks and taking proper precautions, you can still enjoy this beautiful plant in your outdoor or indoor environment. In conclusion, the Camellia x williamsii ‘Donation’ is a gorgeous plant that adds elegance and beauty to any garden or indoor setting.

It is well adapted to temperate climates and can tolerate a wide range of conditions with proper care. The plant is propagated through both sexual and asexual means and requires a balanced nutrient-rich environment for optimal growth.

While it’s not toxic to humans, it can be harmful to pets and horses if ingested. By taking proper precautions and care, it will bloom abundantly, providing year-round interest in any environment.


Q: Can Camellia X williamsii ‘Donation’ grow in full sun?

A: Yes, it can, but too much direct sunlight may cause root stress and damage the plant.

Q: How often should the Camellia X williamsii ‘Donation’ be fertilized?

A: Fertilization should be done in mid to late spring before flowering, with an acidic, specialized slow-release fertilizer.

Q: How do I know when to water my Camellia X williamsii ‘Donation’ plant?

A: Watering should be done when the soil is dry to the touch, but it should not be waterlogged.

Q: Can the Camellia X williamsii ‘Donation’ plant grow indoors?

A: Yes, it can be grown successfully indoors but requires bright indirect light and humid conditions.

Q: Is the Camellia X williamsii ‘Donation’ plant toxic to humans?

A: No, it is not toxic to humans, but it can be harmful to pets and horses if ingested.

Popular Posts