Eazy Gardening

Unleash the Winter Beauty: Camellia Sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ Plant Guide

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’: A Garden Marvel

If you are searching for an evergreen flowering shrub that blooms in winter, Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is an excellent choice. Also known as Japanese camellia, this plant is an eye-catching addition to any garden with its stunning blooms and easy maintenance.

Overview of the Plant

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ goes by several common names, including Japanese camellia, sasanqua, and Setsugekka. The plant’s botanical name, Camellia sasanqua, is derived from the Japanese words for tea (Camellia), small (sasa), and Japanese laurel (kusa).

This evergreen shrub has a rounded shape and reaches 6 to 10 feet tall and wide. The leaves are glossy, dark green, and oval-shaped, with serrated edges.

The flowers are the main attraction, blooming in late fall through early winter. The blooms are large, with a diameter of up to 3 inches, and have white, single petals that surround a bright yellow center.

The petals are soft and delicate, which gives them a beautiful appearance that is a sight to behold. Due to the plant’s appealing fragrant flowers, it is popular among gardeners who love to attract wildlife to their gardens.

Plant Cultivation and Care

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is a low-maintenance plant suitable for beginner gardeners. Here are some tips on cultivating and caring for this plant:

Preferred Growing Conditions

This plant thrives in well-draining, acidic soil, preferably with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. It would be best to plant it in partial shade to full sunlight. This plant will not tolerate root disturbance or water-saturated soil, so it needs to be planted in a well-draining area.

Potential Pest and Disease Issues

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ has fewer pest and disease problems than most plants. However, it may suffer from scale insects, spider mites, and thrips.

These pests can be controlled with insecticidal soaps and oils. The plant may also be susceptible to root rot and leaf spot diseases.

Preventing these diseases involves planting it in well-draining soil and never allowing standing water around the plant.

Planting and Maintenance Tips

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be propagated by cutting or seed. The best time to plant the shrubs is in early spring.

Dig a hole that is two times the size of the rootball and loosen the soil at the bottom. Mix peat moss with the soil to increase its acidity level.

Plant the shrubs, making sure that the top of the rootball is at the same height as the soil surface. Water deeply after planting.

The plant requires regular pruning to maintain its shape and remove damaged or diseased growth. Prune it in early spring before the new growth emerges.

In Conclusion

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is an excellent choice if you are looking for an evergreen shrub that blooms in winter, making it an eye-catching addition to your garden. With its showy white flowers, low-maintenance requirements, and wildlife benefits, it is easy to fall in love with this remarkable plant.

Remember that this plant thrives on well-draining, acidic soil and requires regular pruning to maintain its shape. With these simple guidelines, you can enjoy this thriving plant and its lovely flowers for many years to come.

Plant Propagation Methods

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be propagated through both sexual and asexual reproduction methods.

Sexual Reproduction

Seeds provide the most straightforward method for sexual propagation, and they are best harvested once they have matured. The seeds should be collected in the fall after the plant has finished flowering.

Place the seeds in a pot filled with a well-draining mixture of peat moss and perlite. Ensure the mixture remains moist but not waterlogged.

After approximately one month, the seeds should germinate. Once they have grown to a sufficient size, you can transplant the seedlings to individual pots.

Asexual Reproduction

Plant propagation through asexual methods enables the gardener to grow a plant that is genetically identical to the parent plant. Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be propagated through the following methods:



Take a cutting from the current year’s growth and leave a little of last year’s growth. This is usually best in late spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing.

Remove all of the leaves except for the top couple of leaves, and carefully cut the end of the cutting to a fresh, slanted angle. Dip the end of the cutting into rooting hormone powder and then plant it into a pot filled with moist potting soil.

Place the pot in a bright, but indirect light area. Keep the soil moist but not too wet.

Once the cutting has rooted and started to grow, move it to a larger pot or plant it directly in your garden. 2.


Layering can be done at any time of the year, but is best done in the early spring or fall. Choose a healthy, flexible stem that is low to the ground, and about halfway across should be buried into soil, making sure the top of the stem remains above the surface.

Loosen the soil where the stem will touch the ground, and then carefully hold the stem in place, and cover it with soil. Water regularly, ensuring the soil never dries out.

After about one month, check to see if the stem has started to root. If it has, cut the stem from the parent plant and transplant the new plant to its permanent position.

Plant Adaptations to Different Environments

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ has a range of adaptations that enable it to survive and flourish in different environments. One of the plant’s most beneficial adaptations is its evergreen nature, which allows it to photosynthesize year-round and survive winter conditions.

C. sasanqua is also adapted to partial shade, although it can tolerate full sun.

The plant is well suited for acidic soils, which is an adaptation for obtaining nutrients more efficiently and prevents the build-up of toxic substances. The plant’s root system is shallow as the plant naturally exists in a woodland habitat in Japan.

This is an adaptation for nutrient collection, where the soil usually provides abundant organic matter. Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ has small leaves that are well adapted for surviving in cold and windy areas.

The small leaves reduce water loss and surface area that is susceptible to frost damage. The leaves are slightly waxy, preventing water loss, and this reduces the transpiration rate that could lead to wilting or drying out.

In Summary

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is an adaptable plant with both sexual and asexual reproduction methods. The plant’s evergreen nature, preference for acidic soils, shallow root system, small waxy leaves, and cold-tolerant nature enables it to thrive in varying climates and environments.

With this knowledge, you can cultivate and maintain healthy, vibrant plants. Using Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ in Indoor and Outdoor Settings

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is an elegant plant that can be cultivated in both indoor and outdoor settings.

This plant brings aesthetic beauty and a calming atmosphere regardless of where it is planted. Using Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ in Indoor Settings

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be grown in containers indoors where it can be admired and enjoyed year-round.

To grow Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ indoors, choose a brightly illuminated area that is away from heater vents and air conditioners. Individuals may choose to grow the plant hydroponically, by placing it in a shallow container filled with perlite or vermiculite to provide drainage.

Inorganic pebbles can be placed around the base of the plant for a pleasing appearance.

It is essential to ensure the plant has the right level of humidity, as it is susceptible to dry air in indoor settings.

Therefore, it is recommended to place the container on top of a tray filled with pebbles and water and to mist the leaves regularly. Remember to monitor the plant for pests such as spider mites, mealybugs, and scale insects regularly.

Using Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ in Outdoor Settings

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ makes a stunning outdoor addition in hedges or borders. The plant is versatile and can be grown in various settings, such as in mixed borders, rock gardens, or as a specimen plant.

When planting Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ outdoors, it is best to select a location that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. The plant grows best in well-draining, acidic soil that is high in organic matter.

When planting, ensure the hole is twice the size of the root ball, and the soil around the plant should be firm, to ensure the root system remains stable. Choose to plant in a location where the plant is protected from winds, as this can cause damage to the leaves and flowers.

It is recommended to water the plant regularly, especially during periods of drought, and to provide it a slow-release fertilizer once a year. The benefits of planting Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ are numerous, as the plants grow into beautiful, low-maintenance hedges and borders.

The plant will provide a green backdrop during the winter season when there is typically a dull landscape due to poor weather conditions. The plant’s leaves have a thick wax coating, which prevents water loss while its flowers attract bees, butterflies, and other beneficial pollinators to your garden.

It is important to note that if the plant is not correctly pruned or taken care of, it can turn into a sprawling shrub, leaving an unkempt look.

In Summary

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be grown in both indoor and outdoor settings. When grown indoors, provide the plant with the right humidity and monitoring it for pests.

Outdoor growth requires proper planting with a preference for morning sun and afternoon shade.Furthermore, it provides numerous benefits, including a green backdrop during the winter season and attracting pollinators to the garden. The plant’s versatility, ease of maintenance, and aesthetic beauty make it a sought-after plant that every gardener should consider incorporating into their space.

Toxicity of Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’

Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ contains saponins, which can be toxic to pets, horses, and humans when ingested. Signs of toxicity in pets can range from vomiting, diarrhea, and depression to severe symptoms such as respiratory distress and convulsions.

Although the toxin dosage that would result in lethality requires ingestion of a significant amount, it is wise to keep the plant out of reach of pets and horses. Ingesting a small amount of flowers or foliage by a human is unlikely to cause severe symptoms.

As a precautionary measure, medication should be taken to end the symptoms of toxicity, and veterinary attention should be sought for severe symptoms. However, it is advisable to seek medical attention for human ingestion, even if the plant had been ingested in small amounts.

It is important to note that the pollen of Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is not toxic, and therefore, it is safe for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators to spread the pollen without harm. In conclusion, while the plant can be a beautiful and easy to maintain addition to any garden or indoor space, it is imperative to take appropriate measures to keep it out of reach of pets and horses.

Additionally, humans should avoid ingesting any part of the plant. Being aware of the toxicity of Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can help you enjoy its splendor without putting yourself or your pets at risk.

In conclusion, Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is an adaptable and stunning plant that can be cultivated both indoors and outdoors. It can be propagated through both sexual and asexual means, making it easier to grow and maintain.

However, it is crucial to note that the plant is toxic when ingested by pets and humans. By following the tips and guidelines presented in this article, you can enjoy the beauty of Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ while taking appropriate safety precautions.


Q: Is Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ suitable for indoor cultivation? A: Yes, Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ can be grown indoors in a brightly illuminated area away from heater vents and air conditioners.

Q: Can Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ be planted in full sun? A: It is best to plant Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ in partial shade to full sunlight.

Q: Is Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ easy to maintain? A: Yes, Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ is a low-maintenance plant that requires regular pruning to maintain its shape and remove damaged or diseased growth.

Q: What is the toxic component of Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’? A: Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ contains saponins, which can be toxic when ingested by pets, horses, and humans.

Q: Can Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ attract pollinators to your garden? A: Yes, Camellia sasanqua ‘Setsugekka’ attracts bees, butterflies, and other beneficial pollinators to your garden due to its fragrant flowers.

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